With the collapse of centralized power and management
at Angkor, the transition between Angkorian and post-Angkorian
art can be read in the light of wars, political upheavals
and a migratory existence that resulted in a use of less
permanent materials (wood instead of stone) and a lack of
The progressive adoption of Theravada Buddhism provoked
deep changes in all forms of Khmer art. Siamese influences
from the Ayutthaya Kingdom, as well as influences from Champa,
are also obvious. New types of buildings are erected, sculpture
obeys new conventions, and the previous monuments are often
modified. The greatness and all-powerful influence of the
reign of Jayavarman VII are replaced by a sense of restraint
and humility in sculpture. An impression of peaceful power
emanates, particularly from the representations of Buddha.
Nonetheless, Khmer art retains its unique characterisitcs.