DECLARATION, 13 OCTOBER 1993
“ We, the representatives of Australia,
Belgium, Brunei, Cambodia, Canada, China, France, Germany, Hungary, India,
Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Laos, Luxembourg, Malaysia, the Netherlands, Norway,
the Philippines, Poland, Russia, Singapore, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sweden,
Switzerland, Thailand, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern
Ireland, the United States of America, Vietnam, the European Community, the
Asian Development Bank, the International Centre for the Study of the
Conservation and Restoration of Cultural Property (ICCROM), the Southeast Asian
Ministers of Education Organization Regional Centre for the Archaeology and
Fine Arts (SEAMEO/SPAFA), the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), the
United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), and
the United Nations Volunteers Programme (UNV), meeting at the
Inter-governmental Conference on the Safeguarding and Development of the
Historic Site of Angkor which was held in Tokyo on 12 and 13 October, 1993,
adopted the following :
1- We recognize that the Angkor
monuments are one of the world’s most valuable cultural heritages in Asia as
well as the national symbol of Cambodia
and its people, and that international co-operation for the safeguarding and
development of the Angkor region, including the Angkor
monuments, is of particular importance for national reconstruction.
2- We recognize that the people
of Cambodia have sovereignty
over and primary responsibility for the safeguarding and development of the
historic area of Angkor. Based on this
recognition, we will support the Cambodian people’s efforts to bring about and
pursue this task. We pay tribute to His Majesty Samdech Preah Norodom Sihanouk,
King of Cambodia, for His actions in favors of national reconciliation; His
personal commitment has been the essential factor in the mobilization of the
international community for the site and region of Angkor.
We welcome the establishment of the new Government of the Kingdom
of Cambodia as a result of free and
fair elections, permitting the reinforcement of international co-operation for
the site of Angkor and the surrounding region.
We also welcome the announcement but the Government of the Kingdom of Cambodia
of the introduction of organizational and legal measures to protect the site, prevent looting, and ensure the maintenance of security of
the region as well as to facilitate efficient operations of preservation,
restrain and development.
3- In holding this conference, we
respond to the appeal of the Government of the Kingdom of Cambodia.
We recognize the urgent need for international assistance to prevent the Angkor monuments from further decay and destruction.
These international efforts should be carried out in a coordinated manner for
the safeguarding and preservation of the monuments and historical area taking
into account their cultural, socio-economic and ecological dimensions.
4- We hold this conference for
the purpose of mobilizing such international efforts. We examined the various
means of assistance for the preservation and development of the Angkor area and a number of participants announced
substantial financial and technical assistance for further co-operation. A list
of participants which indicated their willingness, during this Conference, to
contribute, by one means or another, is attached as well as the declarations
made by Delegations, durant la conférence,
leur volonté de contribuer par un moyen ou par un autre, figure en annexe, tout comme les déclarations des participants.
5- We declare our deep
appreciation of UNESCO’s action for safeguarding of the Angkor
monuments to date, as well as for the recognition of the site as a common
heritage of mankind. This deep appreciation is also extended to the countries.
Organizations and foundations which, despite difficult conditions, took and are
taking measures for preventing decay and launching restoration works on the
site of Angkor. A special mention of those countries, organizations (especially
UNDP) and foundations, is made in the list attached.
In extending international assistance, we should take into consideration the
approach of regional development that the Government of the Kingdom of Cambodia
wishes to emphasize and for which the Zoning and Environmental Management Plan
(ZEMP), might after review by the national authorities, be considered as a
useful Contribution for the elaboration of a master plan for the region.
6- We also declare our deep
appreciation for the role of international and national non-governmental
organizations as well as community based organizations in preserving the site
and hope that they will continue and increase their efforts.
7- We recognize that each country
and organization has its own ways and means of co-operation in accordance with
its circumstances to decide what would be done in order to best mobilize international
8- We appeal to the international
community for its support to the Government of the Kingdom
of Cambodia in its actions against the
looting and illicit traffic of cultural property which continue to plague the
heritage of Cambodia.
9- We expressed, as requested by
the Cambodian Delegation, our readiness to systematically include, in the programme of rehabilitation and the promotion of the site
of Angkor, training activities for Cambodians
at all levels. We also encourage the transfer of necessary know-how between the
international experts and their national counterparts.
We equally share the view on the
importance that, as soon as possible, the authorities and administration of Cambodia be
able to assume responsibility of the conception and implementation of works to
be carried out. We took note of the Cambodian Delegation’s desire that, without
prejudice to indispensable studies to be undertaken, the assistance of its
partners leads quickly to concrete operations on the site. Nous exprimons notre volonté de tenir compte de
ces différentes demandes dans nos programmes d’interventions.
We express our willingness to
take into account these requests in our actions.
10- We agree to establish a co-ordinating committee (the Committee) at the ambassadorial
level in Phnom Penh
as the international mechanism for co-ordination of assistances to be extended
by different countries and organizations as referred to in the previous
paragraph. In order to assure its co-ordinating role,
the Committee will be systematically informed of the details of work being
undertaken on the site and in the region. It will ensure the consistency of the
different projects, and define, when necessary, technical and financial
standards and will call the attention of the concerned parties when required.
11- We agree that the Committee
should be composed of representatives of the Kingdom of Cambodia
and interested governments and organizations. Relevant non-governmental
organizations and foundations may be invited to participate in the Committee as
observers. It is proposed to place this Committee under the honorary presidency
of His Majesty Samdech Preah
Norodom Sihanouk, King of Cambodia. It will be
co-chaired by France and Japan, and
UNESCO wills be in charge of the secretariat of the Committee. We agree that
all decisions by the Committee be subject to the agreement and co-operation of
the Government of the Kingdom
of Cambodia. The
participants share the view that the Committee should be the international
mechanism referred to in the Resolution 3.13 of the 26th session of
the General Conference of UNESCO.
12- We agree to establish, when
appropriate, working groups and hold round tables composed of experts nominated
by the countries and international organizations which are participants of the
13- We agree to convene a second
meeting of this Conference in due course to review the progress made and to
discuss the need for new actions.”
adopted at the first Intergovernmental Conference for the Safeguarding and
Development of the Angkor Site, Tokyo,
Japan (October 12 and 13, 1993)