Yashodhara no. 6: January - June 2002
Infrastructures in Angkor Park
At the end of the first semester
2002, the road of the hotel zone is done at 60%. It is 60-meter
width and boardered by 18-meter road verges on each side.
The verges are covered over 6 meters by laterite soil and
the surface main road cover will be in asphalte. At the
same period, the bridge accross the Siem Reap river is done
at more than 50%. The bridge is 33 meters long and 11 meters
In order to facilitate the traffic in Angkor Park, we are
developing a temporary car park under the trees at the East
of Phnom Bakeing temple. In the future, we plan to develop
more car parks in the other main temples of Angkor.
The APSARA Authority is preparing a new square in front
of Angkor Wat. On this Angkor Wat square, we plan to develop
access roads, car parks, drink shops, handicraft shops,
visitor information center, resting place and rescue health
For this purpose, it is planned to build a new short-cut
road from the west of Angkor Wat main entrance and to keep
the existing road along the moats free from cars allowing
visitors to walk, sit, rest and enjoy Angkor Wat scenery.
Therefore, the priority of APSARA Authority is to built
a road behind the Angkor Wat square, starting from the Police
Heritage Headquarters in direction to the West and turning
to the North until it meets the road to the airport at Tropeang
Seh village crossroad. This road will be 634 meters long
and 7 meter width, temporary covered by laterite soil.
Maintenance in the Park
The maintenance team of APSARA
Authority had planned to build up a wooden scaffolding to
consolidate the western façade of the Bakan in Angkor
Wat. One side of one beam and two columns of the Bakan were
fissured and consequently the façade was threaten
to collapse. The wooden scaffolding is entirely completed
now. In addition, we will note down the plan of the the
western façade before starting the restauration.
Emergency consolidation should be a daily duty of the maintenance
team. Due to lack of daily maintenance, temple old age and
rain falling through the walls, the construction in bricks
are badely threaten and fall down.
In the same time, cutting and removing roots of small
trees is also an important work of the maintenance team.
Trees growing on the stones must be removed before they
grow too big and damage seriously the temples.
Wooden wall suports for the Southeast library
of Bakong temple
Restoration Work Sites
Preah Ko worksite
The project of Preah Ko worksite is a joint project of
APSARA Authority with GACP (German Apsara Conser-
vation Project). This project has already runned for a year.The
APSARA Authority is responsible for the payment of the local
and technical workers’ salaries and the purchase of
all equipment available in the country. On its side, GACP
provides technical consultants and the necessary equipments
bought outside the country. Up to day, the Preak Ko worksite
is under the responsibility of two Cambodian technicians
managing every day a team of 20 workers.
Angkor Wat western Embankment worksite
The work on this site begun on January 8th 2002 with the
Italian Consulting Firm I.Ge.S.s.n.c (Structural Geotechnical
Engineering). Sixty meters of embankment fell down into
the western moat of Angkor Wat in September 1997. The restoration
project is under I.Ge.S.s.n.c and APSARA Authority’responsibility
with a UNESCO funding.
Pre Rup worksite
This is the continuation of the Pre Rup restoration and
maintenance project. This phase focus on the restoration
of specific damaged parts of five towers on the upper foundations.
As for the Angkor Wat embankment, the Italian team is responsible
of the technical aspect while APSARA Authority takes on
charge the financial aspect.
Banteay Srey worksite
The project “Conservation of Banteay Srey”
which is a joint project with APSARA Authority and Swizland
Government has officially started at the beginning of July
2002. The project is planned for a three-year period, from
2002 to 2004. It focus on the conservation and improvement
of the site as described below:
i. Restoration and maintenance of the temple;
ii. Increase knowledge about the temple and its surrounding
iii. Prepare landscaping for the temple surroundings and
protect natural environment of the temple.
In the official agreement, APSARA Authority is on charge
of the workers’ and local technicians’ salary
payment and the purchase of equipment available in the country.
In addition to the 24 guards, APSARA Authority has selected
19 more workers among villagers living around Banteay Srey
Opening ceremony of the Banteay Srei Worksite
Interviews with local villagers to work at
the Banteay Srei Worksite
Research Work Sites
The Japanese Government Team
for Safeguarding Angkor (JSA) plans to develop research
about the original form and historical development phases
of the area in front of the Royal Palace of Angkor Thom,
especially the northern part of Prasat Suor Prat. This research
includes studies on various fields such as landscape, road
network and hydraulic system. For this purpose, the JSA
team has already excavated many places in the Northern part
of Prasat Suor Prat and studied topography in front of the
Royal Palace. A workshop was held to share experiences with
experts involved in these specific fields.
Excavation pit in front of Prasat Suor Prat
A new archaeological research
project on ”Urbanization of Angkor area in ancient
times” is being developed by both APSARA Authority
and the University of Sydney. For this first phase, photographs
are taken from ultra-lights flying approximately at 200
meters high from the ground. The survey area is North of
Angkor Thom. This method of research gives good assistance
to ground research and helps to save time.
The Japanese National Research Institute of Cultural Property
is supporting a research project in Ta Nei temple which
was chosen as an experimental centre. After an agreement
was signed with APSARA Authority, the research regarding
the temple surroundings and the methods of stones protection
and cleaning proceeded well during the first 2002 semester
(see Yashodhara Number 5). The technical staff of APSARA
Authority has the responsibility of a daily monitoring at
Tanei temple while three times a year, Japanese experts
from the National Research Institute of Cultural Property
come for technical assistance.
The research conducted on the temple surroundings consists
on rainfall, temperature and humidity measuring as well
as wind velocity and direction. For the cleaning and protection
techniques of the temple stones, mixed chemical products
are used to kill the moss without damaging the stones. The
technique is first tried on stones without carving and so
far we got good results even if more experimentation and
monitoring are necessary. According to the agreement between
the both Institutes on National Technical Training, a Cambodian
technician will follow a 11-day study trip in Tokyo, Japan.
This main objectif of this study trip is to learn from the
experience of The National Research Institute for Cultural
Installation of a micr-climate measuring
gauge at Ta Nei temple
Stone cleaning and protective treatment
The APSARA Authority is still
leading, for the third consecutive year, two-week study
trips in Siem Reap for archaology students. The APSARA Authority
provides the pedagogical framework to the students of the
Faculty of Archaology by giving lectures, providing advisors
for thesis and conducting field trips to Angkor.
This is the second collaboration between APSARA Authority
and the Ministry of Tourism which provide short training
sessions for tourist guides.This training sessions consists
of three weeks with 56 participants from different tourism
agencies with French, Japanese and English speaking.
The 5-month Ta Nei III training program is now completed
(see Yashodhara Number 5). At the end of May, was held the
Closing Award Ceremony under the auspice of His Excellency
General Director of APSARA Authority at the Ta Nei Training
Centre. The APSARA Authority would like to express its best
thanks to the national and international institutes which
suport this training program.
Lecture to archaeology students at O Thma
Dap, an ancient stone quarry
Lecture to tourist guides at vat Atvea temple
The closing Diploma Ceremony
The 25 Ta Nei III Diploma Students
At the beginning of the second
semester 2002, we have started the first step of the inscription
rubbing campaign in Angkor Thom area. It should be finished
at the end of 2002 All the inscriptions which are already
rubbed, will be photographed with a digital camera and kept
in computerized data base.
The Siem Reap Province has
always organised yearly football matches for the public.
This year, govenmental and private institutions, national
and international organizations have played matches for
championship selection. The APSARA Authority’s as
well as other institutions’ fooball teams have participate
in a forward season match. The footballers of APSARA Authority
are technical staff from different departement employed
in Siem Reap and Angkor. As an experience exchange, the
APSARA Authority’s football team has participate in
freindly matches with other teams.
These pictures show various
ceremonies that the villagers in Angkor have always celebrated.
These ceremonies constitute the abstract heritage of the
region but are being abandoned and in danger.
For the last two years, the APSARA Authority’s social
research team has been working on improving our knowledge
and understanding about the local tradition and custom in
the various villages of Angkor.
Annual homage to Neak Ta reach in Angkor
Funerals at Prasat Char Village
The Chansokirisot Ceremonty for prolonging
life in Kok Tnot village
In early 2002, Angkor receives the official visits of
the following international delegations:
Two-day visit of His Excellency Atal Bihari
Vajpayee, Prime Minister of the Republic of India.
Two-day visit of Her Royal Highest Princess
Ann, Queen of the United Kingdom.
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